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Basic Facts about Foundation

The foundation or the base of a structure is an important architectural structure that bears the weight of the house or building. There are two basic categories of foundation, the deep foundation and the shallow foundation. When constructing a house, hiring Plano foundation repair contractors is important because they know about the foundation engineering. This process is the application of the rock mechanics and soil mechanics in the design of the structural foundation elements.

Foundation

Classic Foundations

Before the pier and beam foundation and slab concrete foundation made its way to the foundation engineering, historically buildings and other structures have different type of foundation before. Way before concrete is used, people built foundation with wood. One of the example is the post-in-ground which technically, the structure doesn’t have any foundation. The wood like timber pilings is made contact with the ground, even below the masonry walls.

One of the simplest foundations before is the pad stone. You can see these kinds of foundations on houses which are really old, most likely on the tropical areas. A single stone is set on the ground then the timber is put above it. Basically, that stone bears the weight of the entire structure.

Stone foundations are also a thing before. After the construction, the stones are painted with mortar. Another type is the rubble trench foundation which is filled with stones or rubble. They extend below the frost line and have the capacity to carry more than 10 tones.

Modern Foundations

Nowadays, you can rarely see those traditional types of foundation in homes. Most of the structure with those foundations is already not occupied or damaged. The modern construction offers you the newest type of foundation which is the shallow foundations and deep foundations.

The shallow foundations are embedded in the soil. The most common type is called the spread footing which consists of pads of strips of concrete. The weight of the structure is transferred from the columns and walls to the bedrock or soil. Another common type we can see on most houses is the slab-on-grade foundation. The concrete slab is placed at the surface, and then the weight is transferred to the soil. The materials can be post-tensioned slabs or reinforced slabs.

Another type of modern foundation is the monopole foundation. It uses a large-diameter and single element that carries the entire load of the structure. This element is embedded into the Earth. This type of foundation can be found on offshore wind farms, especially that the embedded element can also withstand strong winds aside from the weight of the structure.

Another type of modern foundation is the monopole foundation. It uses a large-diameter and single element that carries the entire load of the structure. This element is embedded into the Earth. This type of foundation can be found on offshore wind farms, especially that the embedded element can also withstand strong winds aside from the weight of the structure.

The foundation is designed depending on the location of the structure, the condition of the soil, the type of structure, the climate condition, and the slope. So it’s important to always consult with a professional to successfully design one.

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The Reason Why Your Home’s Foundation is Very Important

Your home’s foundation may seem like a very simple part of your entire construction process however, getting your home’s foundation right is very essential. The main purpose for this is that every mistake you do in your foundation will just get even worse as you proceed. As a matter of fact, it is known as the compounding defects and this means that any mistakes grow.

Another reason that your home’s foundation needs the primary attention and focus is that your overall home depends on it. If something fails and you skimp here, then it is not an easy repair at all. Is it worth an extra few cash to add a little more rebar to your slab? The answer is yes. Making sure that your foundation is built to its highest quality possible is considerably worth your extra cash. The following are some very simple things to consider when building your slab and/or your home’s foundation and it is best done with the help of a professional.

Ensure that your rebar is the appropriate size and is built in a correct spacing for your geological/soil conditions. The layout for your foundation rebar will depend on the local codes and the size of your foundation wall.

In addition to that, do not let the rebar to come close or even to daylight. No rebar must end or be placed within 4 inches of the concrete’s edge. Rebar nearer than this may draw moisture from the exterior creating rust. The rust will spread through the rebar and as time passes, your rebar system will already be damaged and finally become useless.

Pay additional attention to your layout of the slab and foundation. You should make sure that every corner is level and square. The more flawless you are, the better however, you should not be over ¼ inch or level for an approximately 2000 SF house. Utilize the laser level when you have one or use the almost perfect standby of all: the water level. It is due to the fact that it is the cheapest level you will ever purchase. It is actually some clear plastic tubing, little red food coloring in order to help you recognize the level lines much better, and the water. In fact, you may even use that set all by yourself.

You just have to wait for the water to evaporate from the top of your slab before you begin accomplish troweling. When you press the water back into the concrete’s surface, it will lessen its strength. Just allow it to discard the excess water then get on it and finish the task.

If you are planning to acid stain the concrete, do not over polish the surface. If you over finish the surface, you will totally seal it. You can have the surface smooth, but do not get me wrong, the main purpose isn’t to power trowel the slab.

Finally, use an adequate bracing for the pours. There’s nothing worse than having the form board blow out as you pour. It only means that more concrete will be utilized as well as your good straight lines will be shot. Also, use a lot of diagonal braces in order to support your forms during the pour.